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Category Archives: Education

Early Childhood Literacy, Here Its Tips

A few parents and instructors trust it’s best to give kids a chance to be children for whatever length of time that they can. Why push them to grow up? Why drive them into an inflexible instruction structure before they’re even out of diapers? We entire heartedly concur. However, we additionally think helping children to start creating education aptitudes amid early youth is a key to solid improvement and achievement in their future tutoring. Luckily, creating proficiency aptitudes in your tyke doesn’t mean you have to begin showing him to peruse immediately. Unexpectedly, basically perusing to your youngster twenty minutes a day is a standout amongst the most vital proficiency building exercises you can do to set him up figure out how to peruse and succeed in school.
Focus on vocabulary

A child doesn’t have to know how to read to build vocabulary. In fact, much of a child’s vocabulary is acquired long before he starts to read. Having a well developed vocabularly is key to learning how to read down the road.

Developing a strong vocabulary at a young age helps children develop “background knowledge” that they’ll draw on for future learning. Most parents, and even some educators, don’t realize that the human brain–especially the brain of a child–learns by attaching new information to old information. If we can attach something new to something old, it is easier for us to understand it. Helping your child build background knowledge, by developing their vocabulary, will make it much easier for them to grow their vocabulary and learn to read when they start school. Did you know that children who enter kindergarten with a strong vocabulary are typically able to learn 8 new words per day, while children who struggle with vocabulary learn only 2 words per day? The stronger your child’s vocabularly, the easier time he’ll have learning how to read and comprehending what he’s reading.

Use your story time to expand your child’s vocabulary. Take time to point out important words. Use picture books to start developing associations between words and the objects and meanings they represent. As you read, discuss important words with your child that he may not know. Building your child’s vocabulary at a young age will make it much easier for him when he starts learning to read.

Run your finger under each word

Running your finger under each word as you read starts developing literacy skills for small children in ways you might not even imagine. Reading and writing left to right, and top to bottom, doesn’t come naturally to all young children. Running your finger under each word as you read helps children develop a sense of orientation. At first your child may not even notice what you’re doing with your finger–but they will sooner or later. Then your child will start watching your finger, and as he does, he’ll not only develop a sense of orientation for reading and writing, but he’ll begin developing a concept of words, spacing between words and print. Before you know it, he will start running his finger under words as you read mimicing what he’s seen you do, and he will begin pretending to read–a very big step toward early childhood literacy.

Point out the punctuation

It may seem like pointing out punctuation to a four year old is going a bit far, but it really does make a difference in early childhood literacy. We’re not recommending that you teach your child what a question mark, period or explanation point is, we’re simply suggesting that you point them out. Many adolescents as they begin to read struggle with punctuation. Believe it or not, punctuation is intimidating. Introducing your child to punctuation at an early age, while you read to him is favorite stories, will help him feel much more comfortable–and less intimidated–with punctuation when he starts reading on his how. Again, the idea is to build familiarity and comfort with punctuation while reading to your child, not teach them how to use punctuation.

A great way to point out punctuation while reading is to create a game out of it. For example, when you come to a question mark, let your child answer the question. When you come to an exclamation point, place exaggerated emphasis on the last few words in the sentence preceding the exclamation point. You can also vary your inflections based on different types of punctuation.

Hunt for letters

If your child is a little older, doing a letter hunt with him from time to time is a great way to make story time fun while helping him begin to recognize and learn his letters. Teach your child a specific letter, like “A”, or maybe use the first letter of his name “B” (for Brian) to make it interesting. Then have Brian search each page you read for the letter B. Count how many times he finds B on each page, then count how many times B appears in the story. Repeat this exercise for all the letters in the alphabet to improve your child’s letter recognition and help lay a foundation for future success in reading.

Search for sight words

Being able to recognize and understand basic sight words is extremely helpful when it comes time to teach your child to read. The most common sight words found in most books include: a, of, the, and, is, in, it, you, to, that. Just like playing “hunt for letters”, have your child count how many times he can find the sight word on each page, then count how many times the sight word appears in the story. Now go back and read each sentence that contains the sight word so he can hear and see how the word is used. Repeat this exercise for each sight word. Arriving at kindergarten the first day being able to recognize and understand basic sight words will give your child a big head start. (Note: If your child doesn’t like this game, don’t do it. This exercise will give your child a head start in reading, but isn’t necessary–and may have the opposite effect if you push it.)

Read with voice inflections

It’s been suggested that 93% percent of all communication is non-verbal (55% body language and 38% tone of voice.) The same holds true with ready. Meaning communicated through reading comes not only from the words themselves, but how the words are use. When reading with your infant or young child you should use voice inflections. Using voice inflections in your reading serves two purposes. First, voice inflections help children hear how reading should sound. They’ll pick up on how your emphasize words and use voice inflections as hear you use them. Second, using voice inflections as you read holds their attention and gets them excited about reading. It isn’t necessary to exaggerate every word, but it useful to use voice infection whenever appropriate.

Ask your child to make a prediction

Before you start reading a new book, have your child look at the cover, read the title and possibly flip through a few pages to look at some pictures. Now ask your child to tell you what he thinks the book is going to be about. After you’ve finished reading the book, have your child tell you how close his prediction was to what the book was actually about. This exercise will help your child pay attention as you read and focus on comprehension as he hears the story and mentally compares the actual story to the version he predicted.

Check for comprehension

Reading comprehension is one of the most important skills school age children need to have. Unfortunately, it’s also one of the areas where many children struggle the most throughout their elementary and high school careers. Focusing on comprehension at an early age will not only give your child a head start, it will help ensure that your child will be able develop the ready comprehension skills early that he’ll need to succeed in school.

After you get done reading a story to your child, ask him a few questions to see how much he understood or remembers. If he is unable to answer a question, go back to the page where the answer if found and reread the page. Then ask the question again.

Read it again and again!

Reading the same book every day may seem a little bit tedious, but if it’s a book you’re child enjoys, they’ll love reading it again and again. Repetition is key to learning. It’s not to say you can’t, or shouldn’t, switch it up a little, but reading from the same book regularly will enhance all of the learning strategies you’re employing, enhance his vocabulary and make it much easier for him when he is required to start reading on his own. Read to your child from the same book every day, and in no time he’ll start turning the pages when you come to the end of the text, correcting you when you make mistakes or change the story, and even pretend reading the book himself.

The Important of Childhood Education

Numerous individuals have reservations about the significance of pre-kindergarten instruction. This was plainly show in 2006 when the California governing body unsuccessfully endeavored to pass a law that would make pre-school instruction compulsory for all youngsters. Numerous Californians did not concur with the significance of utilizing citizen assets to reserve required pre-school programs, including guardians coveting to teach their youngsters themselves.

Research has demonstrate that kids enlisted in Head Start programs advantage by getting formal training before kindergarten. As per a few studies, youngsters enlisted in these projects are more acted and have higher IQ scores after selecting kindergarten than their companions without formal training. Similarly, it was demonstrated that kids enlisted in Head Start programs adapted faster than kids not selected in these projects.

Faultfinders of pre-kindergarten training claim the contrasts between kids enlisted in pre-school projects and youngsters not accepting formal instruction are just perceivable amid kindergarten, to begin with, and second grade. Amid consequent years, youngsters who’ve not got formal instruction preceding kindergarten test at the same level and act like their associates with pre-kindergarten formal training. In this manner, Head Start youngsters might be at leeway for a long time, yet after that, their schoolmates perform at comparable levels. Another significant issue with Head Start projects is that youngsters fitting the bill for these projects more often than not originate from families living underneath neediness line, so these projects are not promptly accessible for kids from all foundations. In any case, youngsters can get formal training in different courses other than Head Start programs, including childcare and guardians showing their young kids. Despite the fact that kids in childcare projects can grow mentally, kids advantage most when guardians stay at home with their youngsters and instruct them.

Most childhood education specialists claim that young children learn best when they’re not pushed too hard, they have an opportunity to interact with their peers, and their parents and instructors treat them kindly. Likewise, children learn best when instruction and educational activities are only a small portion of their days. This is especially true of children enrolled in pre-school programs since it’s not good for young children to be separated from their parents for extended periods of time. Children usually do not benefit in programs with inexperienced teachers and large classroom sizes.

Children taught at an early age usually benefit in the following ways: improved social skills, less or no need for special education instruction during subsequent school years, better grades, and enhanced attention spans. Likewise, some researchers have concluded that young children enrolled in pre-school programs usually graduate from high school, attend college, have fewer behavioral problems, and do not become involved with crime in their adolescent and young adult years.

The research detailing these benefits was completed during the 80’s. In addition to benefiting children experiencing normal development, it was also shown that children with learning or other physical disabilities benefit immensely from pre-kindergarten education. Also, children with parents highly involved in their pre-kindergarten education do not experience the same positive results from Head Start programs as children coming from homes where it’s not as much an emphasis. Children taught how to speak a second language during their early developmental years are also in a better position to learn English at a young age.

Many people do not feel the government should determine whether children should be required to receive formal pre-kindergarten education. One reason for this is children who are educated by their parents during their early developmental years experience the same benefits as children enrolled in pre-school programs, especially children receiving a lot of attention from parents. Parents deciding to educate their young children themselves should utilize creative ideas and activities when educating them.

No matter the differences in opinion about formal pre-kindergarten education, children benefit from receiving some type of education during their early developmental years. However, there is not one-size fits all instruction best suited for all children. While some children benefit immensely from pre-school, it may not be the best educational setting for other children. In most cases, children benefit most by receiving educational instruction from their parents. Parents must evaluate a child’s unique personality before determining which program is best suited for a child since not all programs benefit children the same way.

About Early Childhood Education

Most kids start accepting formal instruction amid kindergarten. Late experimental exploration has demonstrated that learning and mental advancement start quickly after birth. Amid the initial three years of a tyke’s life, crucial mind and neural improvement happens. Thusly, youngsters extraordinarily advantage by accepting instruction before kindergarten.

Since kindergarten start around the ages of 5 to 6 for most youngsters, after significant mental health happens, guardians ought to start instructing kids at more youthful ages.

Numerous guardians start instructing their youngsters amid these vital formative years. Be that as it may, numerous guardians disregard to take an ideal opportunity to teach their young kids. Numerous elements can add to this, for example, long work routines and numbness about the significance of teaching youngsters at a youthful age.

Unfortunately, not only are children negatively affected by not being educated at early ages, but the negative affects often reverberate through society. A study conducted by the Abecedarian (ABC) Project evaluated two groups of children for an extended period of time, those with formal pre-school education and those not receiving any formal education. According to their findings, children with formal education scored higher on reading tests during subsequent school years. It was also shown that the children who did not receive any formal education in their pre-kindergarten years were more likely to struggle with substance abuse and delinquent behaviors in their early adult years.

The conclusions drawn from most research about early childhood education are that individuals and societies greatly benefit, in terms of social, economic, and other benefits, from it. Greater emphasis placed on early education is one strategy to alleviate substance abuse and criminal behavior that plagues many adolescents and young adults. The economic benefits, for example, can be immense when emphasis is placed on early childhood education.

Recent research from the National Association of State Boards of Education found that it is futile to establish federal educational goals without pre-kindergarten education programs.

The United Way is an organization that works to improve pre-kindergarten education. As a result, it’s involved in a national campaign known as Born Learning, a campaign designed to encourage parents to begin educating children at a young age. The United Way works with parents who feel unprepared or unable to effectively educate their young children. For example, since children have low attention spans, parents are encouraged to use everyday routine activities to teach children valuable lessons, such as asking a child to go into a room and retrieve a specified amount of items. This helps young children become familiar with numbers and learn to count. Other activities, such as having children identify the colors and shapes of objects, is another effective activity to educate them.

Improving the pre-kindergarten education of children is one step that can be taken to improve a society economically and socially. It has been shown that children should begin to receive education before kindergarten since children experience substantial brain development during these early years.

About Unschooling

Unschooling: it’s a state of anxious talk in the self-teaching world, collecting energetic backing from a few and concerned incredulity from others. Actually, the expression “unschooling” itself is a theme of level headed discussion, with specific gatherings crediting it one definition while others attribute it another. In any case, numerous guardians are interested about it, about what it implies as an instructive rationality, and about whether it truly is as powerful a tutoring choice the same number of case. With that in mind, we should investigate the truth of unschooling.

Unschooling is often called “child-led learning.” As this name suggests, unschooling allows children to follow their own interests at their own pace, without direction from adults. In this sense, parents act less as teachers and more as facilitators, watching to see what the children are interested in, and then providing the environment, resources, and opportunities to explore those interests.

Skeptics wonder how anything ever gets learned at all through this approach. Don’t children need an adult to constantly tell them what to do? On the contrary, adult unschoolers tend to exhibit a strong sense of self-direction and motivation, and are fully capable of setting goals and then finding the resources to achieve those goals. There are plenty of examples of unschoolers who have gone on to succeed in college and life in general.

The History of Unschooling

Unschooling is most closely associated with a man named John Holt, who coined the term in 1977. Holt was a classroom teacher who later rose to prominence by writing books about the shortcomings of the traditional education system, such as How Children Fail and Learning All the Time. He founded the magazine Growing Without Schooling, which became very popular in the homeschooling community. Holt has since passed on, but his organization Holt Associates and the website are still in operation under the direction of Patrick Ferenga.

Unschooling later inspired Sandra Dodd, educational writer and speaker, to take the concept even further and create the philosophy known as “Radical Unschooling.” Radical Unschooling families adhere to the “child-led” approach not just in the realm of education, but in every facet of life.

Unschooling Practicalities

To the uninitiated, unschooling may appear to be merely unused free time. To an unschooling family, however, the simplest daily tasks are an opportunity for learning. When children help to cook in the kitchen, for example, they learn practical reading skills (from the recipe), math skills (by using fractions to measure ingredients), and chemistry (understanding what changes happen to the food when heat is applied, etc.).

The unschooling philosophy is built on the premise that children are naturally curious, intelligent, and eager to learn, and unschooling parents trust this premise. If a child is daydreaming, then, rather than scolding him for wasting time, the parent trusts him, knowing that the daydreaming may be the precursor to a focused creative project like a painting or a novel. Unguided doodling may evolve into a comic book or a blueprint, and so on.

Unschooling parents are not neglecting or uninvolved. Quite the opposite, in fact. Unschooling parents use a number of strategies to maximize their child’s education. Some of these strategies include:

Provide a wide range of resources: Unschooling parents don’t dictate what their children learn at any given time, but they do provide resources which encourage curiosity, exploration, and self-directed learning. An unschooling family’s house will typically be filled with books, games, art supplies, musical instruments, etc., so the child has many possible directions to explore. Most importantly, the parents listen to their children about their interests, and foster growth in those fields of interests.

Travel: Unschoolers aren’t constrained to any set schedule, so they can take trips and travel to new places whenever they want. Travel is a tremendously educational experience by itself, and unschoolers gain a lot of knowledge from the cultures and places they visit.

Spend Time Outside: Children thrive in nature, and unschoolers unsurprisingly show a real predilection for learning outside. They may go playing in the woods and learn about the flora and fauna there. Or they may learn how to build simple forts from the raw materials they find. Unschoolers tend to want to take things apart, put them back together, and find mentors who can show them how to create what they want to create.

Allow Passionate Focus: It’s common for unschooling children to become incredibly focused on and passionate about a particular subject for a while. In traditional schools, the children would be dissuaded from pursuing this passion, because the schedule wouldn’t allow for it. Unschooling, however, encourages it, and children will often research a subject with deep commitment, usually far surpassing their grade level in the process.

Use Traditional Resources As Tools: When children become interested in a subject, they may choose to pursue it further. They may even choose to enroll in an online class, find a textbook, or use some educational software to achieve their goals. Traditional resources can be incredibly useful for the unschooling family, but they’re not rigidly enforced.

Cons :

Missing Puzzle Pieces: Because children choose which subjects to study, there will likely be information gaps in their education. This is true to some degree of any style of education, but it can be more pronounced with unschooling. Because the children learn to motivate and direct themselves, however, they are typically able to fill in these gaps themselves if and when they need to.

It Takes a Great Deal of Parental Commitment: Unschooling is not the same thing as permissive neglect. Parents must be highly involved in and aware of their children’s growth, and must be able to provide resources and opportunities when interests and needs change. This schooling style requires a great deal of attentiveness, spontaneity, and focus, and is not a perfect fit for every parent’s personality or circumstances.

Pros : 

Educational Freedom: Kids are free to learn and grow according to their unique personality, interests, and learning style.

Kids Actually Want to Learn: Unschoolers tend to be highly motivated, because they’ve chosen the subjects themselves and they’re actually curious about them. No more butting heads up against brick walls trying to force children to complete worksheets they’re not interested in. Furthermore, kids can stop pursuing a subject when it is no longer interesting to them.

Preparation and Monitoring is Much More Focused: Rather than planning a course of study an entire year in advance, without knowing exactly how much time a subject will take and how well the student will have mastered it by a certain time, unschooling allows parents to plan and prepare in response to the child’s interests as they develop. Parents also evaluate their child’s progress in a similar way, by being involved and paying attention to what the child has mastered as they progress.

Kids Learn to Act Responsibly in the Community and Beyond: In unschooling, a great deal of education happens while the children are interacting in the community or simply helping around the house. As such, they become much more independent and comfortable with interacting with new people of any age. They also develop a sense of responsibility, and accountability for their own education and behavior.

Pick a Right College Major Tips

pick-a-right-college-majorYou’ve quite recently experienced the strenuous procedure of picking a school and before you know it, you need to choose what to ponder! Selecting a school major is a unimaginably vital choice, and one that ought to be given abundant time and genuine thought. You will choose a course of study that will impact your life in innumerable ways.

However, don’t fuss! Despite the fact that it’s a genuine choice, regardless you have time—unless you’re as of now in your sophomore year. On the off chance that that is the situation, then you better get moving!

It’s best to begin considering majors while you’re still in secondary school. Having some thought of what you need to study will help you select a school and graph your future course. Yet, actually, with a few special cases, you don’t need to proclaim a noteworthy until somewhat later in your school profession.

The real you settle on could conceivably be specifically identified with your possible profession, however it will impact the way you approach basic considering, critical thinking and correspondence. That is the thing that makes it so vital. In any case, on the off chance that you give yourself time and truly assess how your significant will fit into your objectives for the future, you will choose a school real that is an extraordinary fit for you.

How to Approach the Process

Most incoming freshman don’t know what they want to do when they grow up. However, you probably know what interests you and what doesn’t, as well as subjects that you have an aptitude for and those that you don’t.

This is a good place to start. Are you better at math and science, or reading, writing and analytical thinking? This will set you in the right direction and help narrow your options.

If you’re still in high school, it really helps to know if you’re leaning towards liberal arts or a more technical field of study. This will help you decide what colleges to apply to. Most medium and large colleges offer hundreds of different majors. It would be impossible for them to be first-rate in all of them. Ideally you want to attend an institution has a good reputation in your field of study. This will pay off later when you’re looking for a job.

Once you start college, you don’t need to declare a major right away. Most programs have plenty of general education requirements and those classes will dominate your first two years of college. There are exceptions. Programs such as engineering, architecture and pre-medicine have very specific pre-requisites and students are urged to declare a major as soon as possible, otherwise you may be in college for more than four years.

As you complete your general requirements, you can explore different subjects, find courses that excite you and rule out some that you thought you liked. You also have the freedom to take elective classes, which can open up possibilities you never considered before.

Many students choose their first major because of a general interest in a subject, sometimes dating back to childhood. But people are often surprised to find they don’t like a subject once they see what it is like to study it rigorously. That’s why it’s a good idea to take a program for a test drive before you commit to it as a major, otherwise it may just be your first major and not what you end up graduating in.

Switching majors isn’t the end of the world either. Plenty of students change majors midway through their college careers. But it can make that career longer and more expensive. That’s why you don’t want to rush into a major.

Career-oriented Majors

Some students know just what they want to do and pursue a career-oriented major, such as business or nursing, two of the most common. These majors are focused on preparation for a specific career path. For these students, the decision is easier, but it is still wise to take some classes before you declare a major, just to make sure you really like it.

If you are considering a career-oriented major, find out more about the college’s career services. Some colleges invest heavily in these programs, often including an active alumni network, while others do not. Solid career counseling can make a huge difference in your ability to find internships and employment.

Other majors are designed to feed into a master’s degree. If this is the case, you need to be sure that you are ready for the extra commitment. If not, your bachelor’s degree may not be worth much without the master’s accompanying it.

A College Major is the Start of Your Future

As you take different classes and narrow down your options, it’s time to start thinking about your major in terms of your future. Ask yourself what kind of career you want to have.

Some majors are very specific to a career (see above), so in selecting a major you’re essentially choosing a career. Other majors are more open-ended and teach general skills like critical thinking, analyzing texts and communication. Most English majors don’t go on to become authors or English professors, but they have a broad range of skills that can be applied to many different careers.

Remember, your major will have a big influence on what you do for a living, but it is not determining your destiny. Plenty of people wind up in a career field that is completely unrelated to their major. You just never know where life will take you.

When to Declare a Major

When exactly should you declare your major? It depends on the subject, but in general sooner is better. Some students wait until the beginning of their junior year to declare and have no problems. But this can limit your options and create some headaches.

For most majors, you can declare sometime in your sophomore year. If you’ve already taken some required classes, those will count toward your degree. If you’ve spent lots of course credits on electives in other subjects, those will still count as elective credits, something you need in almost any major.

Some programs are not so flexible. Remember engineering, pre-medicine and architecture? At certain schools, the more rigorous programs like these require students to declare in their freshman year. That is because these majors have lots of very specific pre-requisites. You’re going to have to get started on those right away to graduate in four years.

Investigate the Program

Taking an introductory class is a great way to find out if you want to be an anthropologist or a nurse, but it won’t tell you everything you need to know about the program. Dig deeper and find out exactly what is required for different degrees.

If you’re still in high school, it’s not too early to start. Talk to your guidance counselor about different college majors. He or she will most likely have some literature and online resources that can give you more details about a field of study and what is involved.

If you’re already in college, an academic advisor will definitely have this information for you and it will be specific to that college. Look at the required classes. Are these subjects that excite you? Do they line up with your interests and aptitude? If you’re still in doubt, talk to other students who are taking or have already graduated from the program.

Have a Long-term Plan

Ideally, the major that you select should fit into a long-term plan for your life. That sounds like an awful lot to decide right now, but don’t worry, you can always change your plan. The important thing is that you have one. That is a much better way to navigate through college than zigzagging here and there and finally settling on something.

If you have a plan for what comes after graduation, even if that plan changes—and it almost certainly will—you’ll have a much easier time making these crucial choices.

Selecting a college major is definitely a major decision. It can be scary committing to something, but that’s what adult life is all about. If you give yourself enough time and approach the process in a thoughtful way, you will find a major that helps you achieve your goals in life.

College Plan Tips

It requires two years of wanting to satisfactorily get ready for school. Understudies without guardians or relatives ready to pay for their training must likewise invest energy finishing money related guide and grant applications. In the event that this appears to be overwhelming, there is no compelling reason to wind up debilitated. The accompanying methodologies will make school arranging not so much scary but rather more sensible. When you finish all the important strides to select in school, you can concentrate on get ready scholastically for the rigors of school courses. Anxious individuals must recall that school arranging is a multi-step prepare and can’t be finished overnight. By and large, individuals required in school arranging must be steady and intensive.

Start your college planning when you are a high school JUNIOR

# All students applying for college admission must either take the ACT or the SAT.

# Maintain a high grade point average (GPA) while in high school. College admission committees review grades from each year in high school.

# Take time to determine how big of a school you would prefer to attend, potential majors, what city or region you want to study in, and what extra-curricular activities interest you.

# If you intend to attend a school in your state or local community, review state and local newspapers and bulletin boards at libraries and city halls to locate information about college fairs and open houses.

# Take time to learn about grants and scholarships you qualify for since many programs are available for students without parents able to pay for their college tuition.

# Inquire about early deadline scholarships well in advance because many schools require applications to be returned while students are still in high school.

# While in high school, participate in extra-curricular and community service activities.

# If you do not want to become involved in extra-curricular activities during high school, you should consider organizing a service project, becoming a member of a school club, or participating in community service sponsored by your church. College admission committees are usually impressed with students involved in community service.


In the FALL of your SENIOR year:

# During your senior year in high school, begin to narrow the list of colleges you are interested in attending. Once you have identified a list of appealing schools, request brochures from these institutions or review their websites.

# If you have a low ACT or SAT score, re-take the test. Study guides are available to better prepare you, or you can enroll in a preparation course. In addition to increasing your admission opportunities, a higher ACT or SAT score can improve your chances of earning scholarships.

# Tour the campuses of any local schools you’re interested in attending. Many colleges and universities permit high school students to sit-in during lectures and receive a tour from current students.

# Beginning during September, set time aside each month to locate scholarships you qualify for.

# Begin submitting applications by October since most colleges and universities offer early decision deadlines.

# Many high schools, community libraries, and local colleges offer seminars or courses on budgeting and preparing financially for college.

# Once you’ve narrowed your list of schools, double check to ensure all required financial aid forms are submitted on time. Individual schools usually have different deadlines and requirements.

# Fill out a Free Application for Student Aid (FAFSA) form. A paper form is usually available at most community libraries and high schools, but an online form can be completed at For more information call 1-800-4-fed-aid.

# Once you’ve filled out a FAFSA form, submit it as early as possible. Completed FAFSAs can be returned beginning in January during a high school student’s senior year. Since parents of high school students must provide information about their annual income on a FAFSA, it’s recommended to file taxes as soon as possible.


In the SPRING of your SENIOR year

# Be sure to double-check that you’ve fully completed and returned any required financial aid forms. Most schools require that the FAFSA be submitted by March 15. Even though this is the deadline, it’s recommended to complete it and submit it as soon as possible.

# Submit scholarship applications early and never after deadlines. Many schools have deadlines during the spring. Likewise, be sure to keep your eyes open for new scholarship opportunities, particularly between April through August.

# Watch for your Student Aid Report (SAR). In most cases, it will be available a month after a FAFSA has been completed and returned.

# Once you’ve been notified of what schools will admit you, contrast the financial aid rewards offered by each school. In other words, review each award, so you can effectively weigh it in your decision.

# Decide which college or university you want to attend and inform the school.

# Finalize financial aid forms and submit them to the school you’ve selected.

# Apply for student loans if necessary, and submit a final copy of your high school transcript to the school you will attend.

# Inform the colleges or universities offering you admission which you do not plan on attending.


Once the admission process is complete, you can begin to prepare for a very changeling, but also rewarding journey. College students have a lot of fun, but they must also spend a considerable amount of time studying. This is especially true for students receiving academic scholarships. If you receive a scholarship, do everything within your power to make sure your grades do not drop to unacceptable levels.

More Information about Distance Learning

Distance learning is not a present day marvel. It really goes back similarly as 1728 when Caleb Phillips, an instructor in Boston, Massachusetts, offered short land lessons to understudies through week after week sent lessons. In the mid 1840s, much sooner than the coming of the Internet, Isaac Pitman, a British instructor, additionally showed shorthand through correspondence courses. Distance learning and instruction have a long history, however its ubiquity expanded a hundred fold as more propelled innovation and correspondence mediums got to be accessible in the late twentieth century.

Distance instruction first grabbed hold in the 1930s, with more than 25 state sheets of training, 200 schools frameworks and a few schools and colleges offering instructive projects communicate over open radio. Not with standing it wasn’t until the approach of the Internet in the mid 2000s that the accessibility and ubiquity of distance learning programs soar. PCs and the web made distance adapting quicker, less demanding and a great deal more advantageous. By 2008, electronic, online training projects were accessible in many states in the US at the k12 level.

Today, enrollment in distance education programs at every educational level is common place. Private, public, non-profit, and for-profit secondary, post-secondary and higher education institutions, including high schools, colleges and universities, now offers distance education programs in just about every field of study imaginable. From basic literacy to doctoral programs, distance education courses at available at every level of instruction.

The Internet

While distance education programs are offered via a large variety of communication mediums, online distance learning, via the Internet, is now the norm. In 1996, Jones International University was the first higher education institution to launch a fully online accredited degree program. In the following years, most major colleges and universities quickly followed suit. Reputable higher education institutions such as Harvard University and Stanford now offers distance learning programs for their students entirely online. By 2011, about a third of all college students had at some point taken an online course.

Even though for-profit universities have been the quickest to adopt and exploit Internet technology to offer online degrees to the masses, the majority of public colleges now offer their academic programs completely online as well. Common fields of study pursued online include, but are not limited to, programs in business, psychology, criminal justice, health sciences, computer science, design and liberal arts.

Distance learning has quickly been adopted as the training and education method of choice among busy working professionals. Online distance learning programs offer the most affordable and convenient means of earning a degree, improving skills and pursuing a higher education.


There are two modes of delivery for distance education technologies: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.

In synchronous learning, all learners participate in the education experience at the same time. A traditional classroom is an example a synchronous learning experience, where students participate jointing in learning and class lectures. With respect to distance education, synchronous learning methods includes videoconferencing, web conferencing, educational television, internet radio, direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), live streaming video, web-based VoIP, and even telephone. Many modern software programs, such as Adobe Connect, facilitate synchronous distance learning.

Asynchronous distance learning is much more flexible than synchronous learning. Students are able to access course materials whenever they want, from wherever they want – and are not required to be with other students during the learning process. The oldest form of asynchronous distance learning technology is mail correspondence, which has been employed for over a century. Today e-mail, video and audio recordings, message boards, print materials, fax and stream video over the Internet facilitate asynchronous distance learning. Asynchronous distance education is the mode of choice for most online colleges and universities seeking to provide their students the most flexible and convenient distance learning experience possible. However, many higher education institutions blend asynchronous learning with synchronous learning.

Signs of Good Online Course

Not every single online class are made equivalent. Shockingly, there’s an entire stack of terribly delivered, bore-you-to-detaches classes there that, at last, simply don’t give quality training. Then again, there are some genuinely propelled, drawing in, and instructive classes that truly experience the capability of separation learning. Here are a couple key components that have all the effect to the nature of online courses:

# Proper Pacing
It’s a fine balance to strike, but the best online courses are the ones which are properly paced. Proper pacing means the student is neither bored nor overwhelmed; they have plenty of time–and notice–to complete large projects, but also are kept engaged by small assignments in the interim. These small assignments should never stack up and bury the student in stress and anxiety, nor should they be pointless, tedious busy work.

# Multimedia Integration
The really exciting part of online classes is the fact that they can present content in ways that books and lectures can’t. Great online courses take advantage of this fact, and incorporate various multimedia elements into the presentation, such as videos, podcasts, interactive activities, and more. This is certainly more engaging than reading a long text document, and the information is much more likely to be retained. It’s not enough, however, to simply add in multimedia for multimedia’s sake. The content must be done well, and with a clear purpose. A forty-minute video of the professor mumbling into his webcam does not qualify as good use of multimedia.

# Quality Content
When a course’s content is of high quality, you find yourself engaged and curious, and as a result you learn much more naturally. This is in stark contrast to those courses which only use dismal, bland textbooks and regurgitative, fill-in-the-blank quizzes. Low quality content feels like a chore, and the information is seldom retained. High quality content can be of any modality: videos, websites, audio presentations, etc. What’s important is this: does it lend itself to natural learning? Would an expert in the field recommend it to anyone curious about the subject, regardless of the online class? This is the sort of content used by the best online courses.

# Self-Directed Learning
The best online classes recognize that their students are adults who have the ability to make up their own mind and take responsibility for their own education. When the course is too micromanaged, when the assignments are dictated to the smallest detail, students become frustrated or, at best, don’t make any meaningful discoveries on their own. Good online courses give students the freedom to design their own projects and explore the aspects of the subject which are most interesting to them.

# Multiple Learning Modalities
Everyone learns differently. Some students are very visually oriented; others need to hear information out loud to retain it. The best online courses integrate as many learning modalities as possible–visual, auditory, kinesthetic, musical, and so on–into the presentation. This way, students are able to study in the way that works best for them.

# Community Connection
One of the biggest risks that online courses face is a sense of student isolation. Great online courses combat this risk by encouraging online interaction between students and faculty. For example, a class may have an off-topic discussion board, where students can feel free to chat about anything that interests them–the playoffs, for example, or a tasty new recipe. Or a class may require students to work on a group project together via an online forum. This fosters a sense of community, and gives students the support needed to ask questions or seek guidance.

# Creative Design
It’s a hard quality to define, but the best courses are designed to give students a varied and fresh learning experience week after week. All too often, online courses fall into a formula, and repeat that formula over and over for the entire duration of the class. This will be a very dull experience for the students, and the actual educational value of the course will suffer as well. The best courses are designed by people who put careful thought and focused effort towards creating a unique and engaging class experience, from start to finish.

# Intuitive Navigation
The layout of the course should be clear and easy to follow. Students should always know what to do next, and should always know how to access relevant information and resources. The best courses have been reviewed by third party organizations and are designed to be intuitive to navigate.

# Room for Additional Exploration
Great online courses provide curious students with resources which provide additional information and and a greater depth of detail. It’s another fine balance: having too many supplemental add-ons can be confusing or stressful, but it’s important to give students an opportunity to learn more if they wish to do so. The key is to clearly differentiate the core class requirements from the additional resources, so students know exactly what’s expected of them, and what options are available.

# Reliable Technology
Many courses, in an attempt to be flashy or stylish, utilize a host of technologies in their presentation, often requiring students to download a dozen new plug-ins or sign up for outside services. The problem with this is that it doesn’t always work, and everyone wastes a boatload of time and energy troubleshooting. The best courses use only technologies which are as reliable and as universally supported as possible. This makes the online learning experience much more pleasant for everyone involved.

Why not to Earn an Online Degree?

As yet attempting to choose online classes and classes at a conventional grounds? Web tutoring has some significant points of interest, no doubt, yet have you considered the burdens? It’s imperative to consider as well, before settling on an official choice with respect to your training. Here are a portion of the fundamental drawbacks of online training.

# Traditional Colleges Offer Many More Extracurricular Activities
Students studying at physical campuses can choose to play intramural sports, audition for a play, join a club, sing in an a cappella group–the list goes on. Students studying online, however, have a much more limited list of activities available, if any.

# A Risk of Isolation from Your Classmates
Physical campuses are very social places. They’re filled with students from all over the country and beyond, all learning together in the same place. Students of online courses, on the other hand, don’t need to be located even remotely close to each other, nor do they need to work on their schooling at the same time. The result: it can be very tricky to connect socially with your peers.

# Your Home May Not Be the Ideal Learning Environment
When students at traditional campuses need some quiet time to study and focus, they can walk to the campus library or student center. Online students don’t always have this option. Many online learners struggle with distractions at home, such as children, pets, neighbors, phone calls, and so on.

# You’re Responsible for Managing Your Own Schedule
For many students, a flexible schedule is an absolute blessing–indeed, it may be the only way higher education is possible for them. Other students, however, need clearly set expectations, deadlines, and schedules. Managing their own schedule may become overwhelming or stressful, especially if they weren’t particularly disciplined at the beginning of the semester.

# Students of Online Courses Need to Be Tech-Savvy
The environment of online schooling is entirely virtual. As such, students need to be able to use the technologies and tools required to navigate that virtual environment, such as video conferencing, file format conversions, chat rooms, and more. If you find technology totally baffling and want no part of it, you may want to consider a physical campus instead.

#  You Won’t Get the Full “College Experience”
If you dream of raucous house parties, dorm life, football games, and fraternities, you’ll probably want to find your way to a traditional physical campus. Online courses can provide great education, but they simply can’t replicate the experience of actually living on a college campus with other college students.

# You May Feel Disconnected from Your Instructor
Online students can connect with their instructor in a number of ways: email, discussion boards, phone calls, video chat, and more. And yet, despite all this, many students feel disconnected from their teacher. Nothing can really replace that old-fashioned, one-on-one, personal interaction.

# Online Schools Can’t Provide the Same Degree of Hands-On Learning
This is a bigger problem for some subjects than for others. At traditional colleges and universities, science classes involve a good deal of time spent in laboratories, working hands-on with materials under the guidance of a trained instructor. Many subjects which require extensive labs simply cannot be taught online. Other subjects require online learners to do lab work by themselves. The lack of supervision and guidance for this type of work can be quite frustrating.

# There Are No Work-Study Programs Available
Work-study programs are a crucial financial resource for many college students. In fact, a large number of students at traditional colleges and universities are only able to pay their tuition due to the money they receive from their on-campus job. These job opportunities typically don’t exist through online colleges.

# You May Not Have a Traditional Graduation Ceremony
Finally getting to wear your cap and gown can be a magical experience, but it’s typically only an option at physical campuses. Some online colleges hold graduation ceremonies, but many don’t.

Remember, this list is not meant to dissuade you from pursuing an online education. Rather, it is intended to help you make the most informed choice possible, so you can pursue the educational path which best fits your needs, your personality, and your lifestyle.

Pros and Cons Home Schooling

With more parent needing their youngsters to get and instruction not the same as that being offered in the state funded educational system, self-teaching is turning out to be more prevalent consistently. Right now, there are around two million kids self-taught in the United States – and that number is developing by around 10 percent for each year. While a few Americans are resolutely against self-teaching, thinks about demonstrate that children who are self-taught perform well on government sanctioned tests, exceed expectations in school, get to be self-coordinated learners, and succeed as grown-up workers. In any case, in case you’re thinking about the choice of self-teaching your youngsters, there are numerous variables you ought to consider to guarantee it will valuable for them.

For parent pondering self-teaching their youngsters, underneath is a rundown of the upsides and downsides to consider. This rundown was gotten from the everyday encounters of numerous families from over the United States who’ve swung to self-teaching as an other option to the government funded educational system.


Freedom to choose. While homeschooling in many ways can be quite demanding, in one way it can be a big relief. Families who home school their children are no longer constrained by the daily, weekly and monthly schedule imposed by the public school system. Families may choose to set up a homeschooling routine the mirrors that of the local school system, so that that their kids are off when other kids are off, but their lives no longer revolve the school’s calendar and school hours. Families find they have much more freedom to go on vacation and live their live according to their own schedules.

Increased emotional and physical safety. These days bullying is prevalent in most public schools. While not every kid is bullied, its happens to quite a few – and the result can be devastating. It’s not only emotionally damaging, but it makes receiving a good education and learning close to impossible for some kids. Unfortunately, drugs and gangs also show their face in the public school system. Homeschooling avoids all of these potentially harmful influences. Other negative influences that homeschooling avoids include peer pressure, competition and poor self-esteem issues. During the high school years, most girls struggle to maintain a high level of self-esteem. Studies show that girls who are homeschooled have high self-esteem that remains intact throughout their high school years. Homeschooled children also don’t have to worrying about the whole issue of “fitting in” that plagues just about every child in the public school system.

Ability to teach what you want, when you want. Probably the biggest benefit of homeschooling is the ability to choose your child’s curriculum. You choose what your child studies, when they study and for how long. No one knows your child better than you. And now one cares about your child’s progression more than you. If you want to spend more time study math, you can do so. If American history is of particular importance, you can include it in your child’s curriculum. Children also have the ability to spend more time focusing their studies on areas of interest, such as art or science. In most states, homeschooled children have complete autonomy to complete their curriculum at their own pace. Notwithstanding, a bit more relaxed and less ridged structure than the public school setting, homeschooled kids tend to learn just as fast as kids in the public school systems – and sometimes much faster. (Due to new regulation, some states now mandate that certain curriculum be taught in a home school setting.)

Increased productivity. In most class rooms in public schools there is 1 teacher for every 20 to 30 children. Not only does each child in a public school receive very little one-on-one instruction from their teacher, they also end up doing a lot of unnecessary busywork. In a homeschool setting, children can often accomplish in a few hours what it would take all day to accomplish is a public school. Kids attending public schools often have a ton of homework – because the classroom setting isn’t conducive to getting a lot accomplished. Homeschooled kids rarely have homework, as homework is completed while class is in session.

Freedom of religion. Religious beliefs and values are important to many families. While separation of church and state is at the core of the U.S. Constitution, historically religious values have always been a part of our public education system – but not anymore. Public schools today are going as far as to debased the strongly held religious beliefs and values that are central to the belief system of many American families. Homeschooling allows parents to incorporate their religious belief and value system into the educational curriculum for their students.

Increased stability. Case studies indicate the homeschooled children are better equipped to deal with challenges they may face, such as the death of a loved one, illness, or life transitions like a move. When children are homeschooled, moving to a new city or state is far less traumatic than it is for children in the public school system – for many reasons.

Better relationships. Some opponents of homeschooling assert that homeschooled children are less social and more introverted than publicly educated children. This couldn’t be farther from the truth. Homeschooled children are not only as smart as publicly educated students, they are more emotionally stable, exhibit less destructive behavior and are quite socially adept. As previously mentioned, as adults homeschooled children are successful in both their interpersonal and occupational relationships.


It can be expensive. Homeschooling isn’t cheap, especially if you’re used to being a two income household. Almost all homeschooling homes are one-income families. Living on one income is just a fact of homeschooling. This can be a big sacrifice if money is tight – but most homeschooling families find the sacrifice well worth having their kids reap the benefits of being home schooled. There is also the cost of books and supplies to consider. As home schooling is not subsidized by tax payer dollars – as public schooling is – parents must cover all costs associated with homeschooling.

Increased stress. Life is already stress enough for most of us, but if you’re homeschooling your children, it can get even more stressful. First, homeschooling takes a lot of time and effort. Day in and day out, lesson have to be prepared and children have to be taught. It’s time consuming and can sap your energy. Homeschooling isn’t as simple as most people imagine. It doesn’t consist of a few obedient kids who are great at paying attention and following instructions. Parents who homeschool have to deal with many of the same issues as teachers do. They must also provide their children with hands-on learning experiences and activities. Homeschooling is not spent at the kitchen table with textbooks and worksheets – as many people envision. Homeschooling can be very draining physically and emotionally.

Prepare for kid overload. We all love our kids. And why are you considering homeschooling your kids in the first place. Obviously, because you love them. But let’s get real, being with your kids 24/7 can get bit overwhelming. If you decide to homeschool your kids, prepare to be with them all of the time. If you can’t hand being around your kids that much, then you may want to reconsider your decision to homeschool. But for most parents who decide to homeschool, the time they spend with their kids is just another opportunity to grow closer together.

Increased scrutiny. Even though there are more homeschoolers today than ever before, homeschooling is facing increasing scrutiny, criticism and negative pressure from federal government and mainstream educational organizations. Homeschooling seen by many as outside mainstream thinking and what’s acceptable. Unfortunately, a large number of Americans see homeschooling as threat to mainstream educational systems and feel that all students should be educated through the public school system. Some critics just can’t handle seeing regular parents doing a better job at educating their children than the “highly” trained professionals in the public education system. Homeschooling is seen by many as a fringe institution that exists too far outside of societal norms to be acceptable.

Limited extra-curricular activities. Parents homeschooling their kids have to come up with extra-curricular activities. This can be a time consuming process – a task that many aspiring homeschoolers don’t appreciate until they’re actually homeschooling their kids for the first time and find themselves overwhelmed with the work load. It becomes even more difficult as children move into the teen years and become interested in sports. While community sports are usually available for younger kids, teens that are homeschooled are often confronted with limited opportunity to be involved in team sports. While some public schools allow homeschooled kids to participate in their athletics programs, many do not.